Plugin Creators Guide

Note that Plugins are currently in Early Release. The feature is working and installable, but some functionality is likely to be missing and a number of known and unknown issues are likely to surface.

Create The Backend For Stage Plugins

Example Plugin

This document shows how to create a simple plugin that waits a random amount of time (from zero to the number of seconds that is entered in the UI). Use this guide as a starting point to facilitate creating more complex plugins.

Setting Up Your Project

To get started setting up your project, we highly suggest using to create your base project.

Keep the following recommendations and requirements in mind:

  • We recommend making the project a Gradle project.
  • You must set the base package path for the plugin to the following path: You can add anything else after that, but that is required.
  • You can add any dependencies you need to make your plugin successful.

Generate the project and unzip it to a location of your choosing. Modify the build.gradle file to look like the following example:

plugins {
    id 'org.springframework.boot' version '2.1.8.RELEASE' apply false
    id 'io.spring.dependency-management' version '1.0.8.RELEASE'
    id 'java'

dependencyManagement {
    imports {

group = '' // make sure this is your package path!
version = '0.0.1-SNAPSHOT'
sourceCompatibility = '1.8'

repositories {
    maven { url "" }

dependencies {
    implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter'
    testImplementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test'
    compile group: '', name: 'orca-api', version: '7.36.0'

Then, we can remove both of the tests and the main application. (Don’t worry, we will add our own tests!)

Creating the Plugin Stage

In order to create the stage plugin, we have to define three classes: Stage Input, Stage Output Context, and Stage Output Outputs.

SimpleStage Input

SimpleStage Input is what our stage needs to use to do its job. The stage input comes from the Spinnaker UI. First, create a class that will be used as our Stage input. In our example, the plugin takes the max time to wait.

class RandomWaitInput {
    private int maxWaitTime;

SimpleStage Context

Context is used within the stage itself. In our example, add the maxWaitTime here.

class Context {
    private int maxWaitTime;
    public Context(int maxWaitTime) {
      this.maxWaitTime = maxWaitTime;

SimpleStage Output

Output is what can be used later on in other stages. In our example, the output contains the actual number of seconds waited for the stage.

class Output {
    private int timeToWait;
    public Output(int timeToWait) {
      this.timeToWait = timeToWait;

Create Stage Class

The stage itself needs to implement the SimpleStage interface. The two methods that we need to implement are getName and execute.


getName is a method that tells Spinnaker what the name of the stage is.


execute makes up the majority of the stage. execute takes in a SimpleStageInput, which then takes in (as a generic) the class that was created earlier for stage input. execute returns a SimpleStageOutput that has our Output and Context classes. SimpleStageOutput also needs to know the status of the stage. This is where the SimpleStageStatus comes into play. Stages can be in the following states:

  • Terminal → the stage failed
  • Running → the stage is still executing
  • Succeeded → the stage has successfully completed
  • Not Started → the stage has not started yet

Putting It All Together

public class RandomWait<RandomWaitInput> {
  public String getName() {
    return "randomWait";

  public SimpleStageOutput execute(SimpleStageInput<RandomWaitInput> stageInput) {
    Random rand = new Random();
    int maxWaitTime = stageInput.getValue().getMaxWaitTime();
    int timeToWait = rand.nextInt(maxWaitTime);

    try {
    } catch(Exception e) {
      log.error("{}", e);

    SimpleStageOutput<Output, Context> stageOutput = new SimpleStageOutput();
    Output output = new Output(timeToWait);
    Context context = new Context(maxWaitTime);


    return stageOutput;

Create The Frontend For Stage Plugins

Setting Up Your Project

React is the suggested framework to use for plugin frontend code. When setting up webpack or rollup, make sure that React is added to the resulting transpiled ouput. That way, as the plugin developer, you can manage your own dependencies. The only dependency that is needed from Spinnaker is @spinnaker/plugins.

Writing The Frontend

import * as React from 'react';
// IPluginInitialize is function interface
// that takes in the IStageRegistry interface.
// The IStageRegistry is used to register the stage.
import { IPluginInitialize, IStageRegistry } from '@spinnaker/plugins';

// Our stage component
class RandomWaitStage extends React.Component {
  setMaxWaitTime = (event: React.SyntheticEvent) => {
    let target = as HTMLInputElement;
    // @ts-ignore
    this.props.updateStageField({'maxWaitTime': target.value});

  render() {
    return (
            Max Time To Wait
            <input onChange={this.setMaxWaitTime} id="maxWaitTime" />

// This function implements the IPluginInitialize interface
// This is where the stage gets registered.
function initialize(registry: IStageRegistry): void {
    label: 'Random Wait',
    description: 'Stage that waits a random amount of time up to the max inputted',
    key: 'randomWait',
    component: RandomWaitStage,

// Make the initialize function be the interface
let init: IPluginInitialize = initialize;
const plugin = {
  initialize: init,

// Call spinnaker settings to actually load the stage
// plugin for us

Render Method

Anything can go in the render method. What is in the render method is shown to plugin users when configuring their Spinnaker pipeline. In this example, the user can input the maximum number of seconds to wait before continuing to execute the pipeline.

Set Methods

Stages are made up of JSON that contains all the information that gets passed to the backend. To update the stage JSON with the data the user enters, use this.props.updateStageField method, which takes in a valid JSON object of what to update. In this example, we update the maxWaitTime field with the value that the user enters.

Register Stage

The registerStage method is what makes the stage available for use. These are the required fields for registering a stage:

  • key → a unique name of the stage
  • label → is what is used inside the UI to display, saying what the name of the stage is
  • description → a short description of what the stage will do
  • component → if using React to create a stage, this is where you would put the component to render

Optional Fields:

  • cloudProvider → if the stage can only be ran in one of the cloud providers, that can be selected here

Writing the Plugin Manifest

Here is an example of a plugin manifest:

name: armory/s3copy
description: Copies S3 files to different locations
manifestVersion: plugins/v1
version: 1.2.3
    username: user
    password: pass

The name is the name of the plugin. Names are namespaced so that plugins can have the same name but be by different vendors. In this example, the namespace is armory and the name of the plugin is s3copy.

The description gives the plugin user an idea of what the plugin does.

Plugin manifests can change overtime. The manifestVersion tells Spinnaker what version to use to validate the manifest. Currently, there is only the plugins/v1 version.

version is the version of the plugin.

Plugin users may want to change some settings to control how the plugin works. For example, controlling what username and password to use to connect to S3. The options key gives the plugin users that flexibility. Anything under options can be modified by the plugin user.

The next section in the manifest is for resources. Resources are things that are required for the plugin to run. For example, when creating a stage, there are jar(s) and Javascript code that need to be consumed by the plugin user. Currently, there are two different types of resources. The first is for Orca. This is where we list a URL locations of where the jar(s) are for Orca to use. The second item under resources is for Deck, the frontend for Spinnaker. This is where a list of Javascript resources need to be put for Deck to consume.